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Launched 09/04/2011

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08/01/2022 08:14

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Stephen Pilcher File  ( 1830 - 1907 )

parents John & Mary
born in Elham 1830
christened in Elham 22 May 1831
died in Elham 1907
buried OCTOBER 29TH 1907 St. Mary's Graveyard
grave SE66
effects
occupation Grocer And Draper 5 Men
Biography
 1851 Grocer at Howletts Farm
 1890 Stephen Pilcher File was indicted for, that he being a servant to Joshua Cox and William Ellyett, making false entries in certain books of accounts, the property of his employers, with intent to defraud on the 9th July, 26th July, 24th August, 19th September, and 28th December, 1889, and on February 7th, 1890, at Elham. Mr. Gore and Mr. Arthur Gill (instructed by Mr. R. M. Mercer, Canterbury) prosecuted, and Mr. Lewis Glyn and Mr. G. Thorn Drury defended. The clerk of the Peace mentioned that there were several gentlemen from Elham on the petty jury, and counsel for the prosecution thought it would be fairer if perfect strangers were engaged in trying the case. Mr. Glyn said he did not object, but the application was a most unusual one. Fresh jurymen having been substituted, the case was proceeded with. Mr. Gore, in opening the case, said the prisoner was charged with fourteen offences under the Falsification of Accounts Act, by means of which he succeeded in defrauding his employer of a sum of about £150. The facts were that up to 1888 the prisoner had carried on business as a grocer and draper, and also as a farmer at Elham, and was at that time unable to meet his engagements. At a meeting of his creditors an arrangement was come to, whereby File made over his property, consisting of his shop and stock, to certain trustees, so that it might be carried on for the benefit of the creditors, he remaining as manager. One creditor was the firm Of Messrs. Cox and Ellyett, wholesale grocers of Canterbury. They were old acquaintances of File, and when the arrangement had been come to, prisoner asked them, and they finally consented to buy the business from the trustees, and allow him to carry on the shop, so that he might, if possible, pay of the debts he owed them, in which case there was a kind of understanding that he should have the business as his own. Mr. Cox bought the business for £1,372, and an agreement was entered into, by which File was engaged as manager at a salary of £10 a month. From the commencement the largest discretion was given to prisoner, and this largest confidence placed in him. It must be admitted that there was neglect on the part of Mr. Cox in failing to have the accounts properly checked. Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald - Saturday 18 October 1890
 1890 Not quilty of falsification of accounts England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892
 1891 Grocer (60) living in Lyminge with family
 1900 Deputy Registrar of Births see death of Hannah Clayson
 1922 Death of wife Ellen
Biography

1851
Grocer at Howletts Farm

1890
Stephen Pilcher File was indicted for, that he being a servant to Joshua Cox and William Ellyett, making false entries in certain books of accounts, the property of his employers, with intent to defraud on the 9th July, 26th July, 24th August, 19th September, and 28th December, 1889, and on February 7th, 1890, at Elham. Mr. Gore and Mr. Arthur Gill (instructed by Mr. R. M. Mercer, Canterbury) prosecuted, and Mr. Lewis Glyn and Mr. G. Thorn Drury defended. The clerk of the Peace mentioned that there were several gentlemen from Elham on the petty jury, and counsel for the prosecution thought it would be fairer if perfect strangers were engaged in trying the case. Mr. Glyn said he did not object, but the application was a most unusual one. Fresh jurymen having been substituted, the case was proceeded with. Mr. Gore, in opening the case, said the prisoner was charged with fourteen offences under the Falsification of Accounts Act, by means of which he succeeded in defrauding his employer of a sum of about £150. The facts were that up to 1888 the prisoner had carried on business as a grocer and draper, and also as a farmer at Elham, and was at that time unable to meet his engagements. At a meeting of his creditors an arrangement was come to, whereby File made over his property, consisting of his shop and stock, to certain trustees, so that it might be carried on for the benefit of the creditors, he remaining as manager. One creditor was the firm Of Messrs. Cox and Ellyett, wholesale grocers of Canterbury. They were old acquaintances of File, and when the arrangement had been come to, prisoner asked them, and they finally consented to buy the business from the trustees, and allow him to carry on the shop, so that he might, if possible, pay of the debts he owed them, in which case there was a kind of understanding that he should have the business as his own. Mr. Cox bought the business for £1,372, and an agreement was entered into, by which File was engaged as manager at a salary of £10 a month. From the commencement the largest discretion was given to prisoner, and this largest confidence placed in him. It must be admitted that there was neglect on the part of Mr. Cox in failing to have the accounts properly checked.

Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald - Saturday 18 October 1890

1890
Not quilty of falsification of accounts

England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892

1891
Grocer (60) living in Lyminge with family

1900
Deputy Registrar of Births

see death of Hannah Clayson

1922
Death of wife Ellen

Memorial Inscriptions
IN LOVING MEMORY OF STEPHEN PILCHER FILE WHO DIED OCTOBER 29TH 1907
ALSO OF ELLEN HIS WIFE WHO DIED JANUARY 4TH 1922
Marriage
(Ages +/-1)
Year   Reg. DistrictChurchNameAgeSpouseAgeCurate
1867 Bridge WalthamStephen Pilcher File36Ellen Cox18 
Demography
(Elham Parish only)
YearNamePropertyAddressRelationConOccupationAgeBorn  
1901Stephen Pilcher FileThe Old BookshopSt Mary's RoadHeadMGrocer Shopkeeper70Elham
1881Stephen P FileElham Valley Stores Elham StreetHeadMGrocer And Draper 5 Men50Elham
1871Stephen P FileElham Valley StoresBack StreetHead  40Kent
1861Stephen P FileElham Valley StoresWell StreetHeadUGrocer Master Employing 1 Man30Elham
Relationships
(Calculated from the demography records)
Name Relation GBornPlaceDiedPlaceOccupation
Mary D CranchServantF1800Elham  House Keeper
Harry WillsAssistantM1834Goudhurst  Draper & Grocer
Susanna CoxVisitorF1847Kent   
Ellen CoxWifeF1848Horton1922Elham 
Henry HobbsShopmanM1848Kent   
Ellen E FordServantF1854Kent   
John FileApprenticeM1854Kent Waltham  Drapers Assistant
Alice E. EdwardServF1859Hawkinge  General Servant
Edwin MarshServM1862Elmsted  Grocers Assistant
Lucy MillsServF1864Hastingleigh  Nursemaid (Dom)
Stephen M FileSonM1868Kent   
Amy Gertrude FileDaughterF1869Elham1939Birmingham 
Annie FileDaughterF1870Elham   
Leo John FileSonM1872Elham1938ElhamPublican
Ethel M. FileDaughterF1874Elham   
Alfred FileSonM1876Elham   
Edith FileDaughterF1877Elham   
Nellie FileDaughterF1879Elham1968Thanet District